Pipit, a small songbird related to the wagtails. Pipits are sometimes called titlarks or fieldlarks. They are usually brown or grayish brown on their upper parts, buff below, and are streaked with dark brown. Their wings and tails are edged with buff or pale olive. They have long, slender bills, and eat insects.Pipits have long, slender bills, and eat insects.
Pipits are widely distributed around the world—on prairies, mountains, and sea coasts. The female lays three to seven white, brown-spotted eggs in a cup-shaped, grass-lined nest on the ground.
The water pipit, or rock pipit, breeds in the colder regions of North America, Europe, and Asia. It winters in the tropics and subtropics of America and the Old World. Sprague's pipit, found only in North America, breeds in western Canada and the northwestern United States, and winters as far south as northern Mexico. This bird is seven inches (18 cm) long. It has a black-streaked back with buff-streaked underparts and straw-colored legs and feet.
Pipits belong to the family Motacillidae. The water pipit is Anthus spinoletta; Sprague's, A. spragueii.