Toucan, a family of brightly colored birds found in the forests of Central and South America. The family is made up of 37 species, divided into such groups as the hill toucans, toucanets, and aracaris. Toucans range in length from 12 to 24 inches (30 to 60 cm). The outstanding feature of these birds is their large, curved, multicolored bills. In some species the bill is almost as long and bulky as the body itself. Toucans have short, rounded wings. Their feathers are black or green with markings of white, red, orange, yellow, and blue. In most species, the sexes are alike in coloration.Toucans have large, curved, multicolored bills.
Toucans are tree-dwellers and live in flocks, often filling the forest with their loud, harsh screams. They eat insects and small fruit. They build their nests in tree hollows where the female lays one to four white eggs. Both sexes incubate the eggs for about 16 days. Toucans adapt readily to life in captivity as pets. Some species are good mimics.
Toucans make up the family Ramphastidae.