Yellowhammer, the common yellow bunting of Europe. (In the United States, "yellowhammer" is another name for the flicker). The European yellowhammer grows about seven inches (18 cm) long. It is yellow, mottled with brown above and clear yellow below. The bird's sides are brownish, the wings black. The nest, built on the ground, is made of grasses and other vegetation lined with hair. Like its close relative, the ortolan, the yellowhammer is valued as a table delicacy. In Italy it is caught in nets and fattened for the table.

The yellowhammer is Colaptes auratus of the woodpecker family, Picidae.