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Talarurus plicatospineus See more dinosaur images.

Brian Franczak

TALARURUS (TAL-ah-RUR-us)

Period: Late Cretaceous

Order, Suborder, Family: Ornithischia, Thyreophora, Ankylosauridae

Location: Asia (Mongolia)

Length: 23 feet (7 meters)

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This is one of the better-known ankylosaurs from Mongolia. Several partial skeletons were excavated by Soviet paleontologists during the 1950s. One of these skeletons is mounted at the Paleontological Institute in Moscow.

Talarurus was a barrel-chested ankylosaur. It had a long, low body; short limbs; and a long tail that ended in a bone club. The skull was triangular, somewhat like the skull of Shamosaurus. Bone plates covering the skull were small and different shapes. Its nostrils joined at the front of the snout, making a single large opening.

The body armor was bands of bumpy plates joined together. The tail club was long and low; the animal could have given a powerful blow to a Tarbosaurus. For greater power and strength, tendons were interlaced and attached to the end of the tail. This dinosaur was named after this feature; its name means "basket tail."