IMPERIAL WOODPECKER (Campephilus imperialis)

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Description: Woodpeckers are birds with sturdy bills. They use their bill to bore holes in trees, which are then used as nest sites. The imperial woodpecker — the world's largest woodpecker — is black with a crest on its head. It occurs only in the temperate forests of Northern Mexico. There may be a small population of imperial woodpeckers left in the wild but it is possible that this species is extinct due to hunting and habitat loss.

IUCN Status: Critically Endangered

USFWS Status: Endangered

Major Threats: Hunting and habitat loss

Habitat: Open montane forests

Location: Northern Mexico

Diet: Insect larvae