Crappie, a freshwater fish related to the perch and sunfish. It is a popular food fish. The crappie ranges from the Great Lakes to the Gulf of Mexico. It is also found along the Atlantic coast from North Carolina south to Florida.
The white crappie is greenish silver with dark vertical bars. It has six needlelike spines on its dorsal and anal fins. The black crappie is darker and has scattered spots. It has seven or eight spines on its dorsal and anal fins. Crappies reach a length of 12 inches (30 cm) and a weight of one pound (0.45 kg). They feed on small fish, insects, and crustaceans. Fishermen catch them by still-fishing or with dry flies.
The white crappie is Pomoxis annularis; the black, P. nigromaculatus. They belong to the family Centrarchidae.
For record catches,The black crappie is dark with spines on its dorsal and anal fins.