Barbary Ape, a tailless monkey, the only wild monkey found in Europe. The animal is not a true ape, but is related to the macaques of Asia. It is native to Algeria and Morocco and was introduced at an early period into the peninsula of Gibraltar in southern Spain. Legend says that the British will keep the fortress of Gibraltar as long as the apes remain. Although this is only superstition, the apes are carefully protected by the British government. Barbary apes are about two feet (60 cm) long and have long muzzles. They are easily tamed and thrive in zoos. The wild apes live in groups and eat fruit.

The Barbary ape is Macaca sylvana of the family Cercopithecidae.