Eland, the world's largest antelope. There are two species, the giant (or Derby) eland and the common eland. Both species are found in African savannas. Elands are fawn-colored, with white vertical stripes on their bodies. A distinctive characteristic of the eland is a black dewlap (flap of skin between the throat and chest). Both males and females have spiralled horns, which may be more than three feet (90 cm) long. Males are larger than females, measuring up to 6 feet (180 cm) at the shoulder and weighing up to 2,200 pounds (1,000 kg).
The number of elands has declined in many areas, mainly because of habitat destruction and excessive hunting. One subspecies of the giant eland is endangered.
The giant eland is Tragelaphus derbianus; the common eland, T. oryx. Elands are of the family Bovidae.The eland has long, spiraled horns and is the largest African antelope.