Springbok, or Springbuck, an antelope of South Africa, resembling the gazelle. When a springbok is frightened, it springs stiff-legged into the air and races off. The springbok is about 30 inches (76 cm) high at the shoulders. Both male and female have ringed, lyre-shaped horns. The coat is cinnamon brown above, white below, and has a dark brown streak on each side.
Springboks feed on such plants as grasses and shrubs. They were once found throughout southern Africa but were killed off in large numbers because they were destructive to crops. Many were also killed for food. The springbok is one of the national emblems of South Africa.
The springbok is Antidorcas marsupialis of the family Bovidae.