The Tasmanian devil went through a serious decline due to a widespread infectious disease, but its numbers are now recovering — enough for it to be considered a pest by farmers because it preys on sheep and chickens.
Many researchers consider this mammal to be the marsupial equivalent of the hyena because of its body shape, short wide snout, and extremely strong jaws, which are capable of crushing bones.
Like the hyena, the Tasmanian devil is often described as intelligent and strong. In addition, it runs like a hyena and often feeds on carrion — usually small mammals and fish.
It also feeds on live invertebrates, such as beetle larvae.
A solitary nocturnal species, it spends the day resting in burrows or grassy nests, which it makes in hollow logs or thick brush.
At night it carefully sniffs out prey and waits patiently in ambush.Animal Facts
Name: Tasmanian Devil (Sarcophilus harrisii)
Family: Dasyuridae (Carnivorous Marsupials)
Range: Eastern Tasmania; extinct in Australia
Habitat: Dry eucalyptus forest
Diet: Carrion, insects, snakes, some vegetation, wallabies, and other small mammals
Head and Body Length: 21 to 30 inches (53 to 76 cm)
Tail Length: 9 to 12 inches (23 to 30 cm)
Weight: 9 to 20 pounds (4 to 9 kg)
Life Cycle: Mating March to May; gestation about 31 days, one to four young born
Description: Brownish black fur; long white patches on chest, sides and rump; pinkish snout; broad, massive head; powerful jaws with sharp, sturdy teeth; thickset, squat build; short, thick tail
Conservation Status: Not listed by the IUCN.
Related Content: Australia Zoo