Vicuña, a wild animal of the camel family. It lives in the highest, most desolate parts of the Andes from southern Peru to northern Argentina. The vicuña is less than 3 feet (90 cm) high at the shoulders and weighs 75 to 100 pounds (34 to 45 kg). Its soft, silky fleece is tawny except for a white bib.

Vicuña fleece is made into vicuña cloth, which is highly valued for its beauty and softness. Among the Incas, only royalty was permitted wear it. After the fall of the Inca Empire, the vicuña began to be slaughtered for its fleece and meat. The vicuña is now protected by law. In Peru, vicuña are bred and raised for their fleece, which is sheared every two years.

The vicuña is Vicugna vicugna of the camel family, Camelidae.