The Humane Society wasn't the first organization to work toward helping animals. The Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals was founded in 1866. It was the first organization of its kind in the United States, but it wasn't the last -- over the next decade, several similar organizations came into existence [source: Learning to Give]. In 1877, delegates from 27 of these humane organizations across 10 states banded together to form the American Humane Association (AHA). Its main priority was to help farm animals and improve the conditions of their lives [source: American Humane Society].
The AHA worked for more than 65 years to help animals throughout the United States. But in 1954, a rift arose among its members. There was great debate about animals that were abandoned at animal shelters and had little to no hope of being adopted. Some members of the AHA wanted those animals turned over to laboratories for research. Others felt that was cruel and went against what they were fighting for -- those members broke off from the AHA and started the Humane Society of the United States. Robert J. Chenoweth was selected to lead the new organization, and Oliver M. Evans was chosen as its first director.
The primary goal of the HSUS was to eliminate all animal cruelty throughout the world, not just in particular areas. Its first fight was against legislation that would require shelters to turn over animals for scientific research. The next 50 years saw a myriad of accomplishments from the HSUS in several fields:
- Legislation: Because of HSUS campaigns, the United States government and other governments have passed animal-rights legislation. These laws do everything from protecting endangered species to making it illegal to treat research animals inhumanely.
- Education: Several HSUS programs focus on educating people of all ages on the humane treatment of animals and responsible pet ownership. Examples are the "Be a P.A.L. (Prevent a Litter)" campaign on the importance of spaying and neutering pets and the "Shame of Fur" campaigns on the treatment of animals in the fur industry.
- Preservation: In 1995, the HSUS established the HSUS Wildlife Land Trust in order to protect wildlife and habitats around the globe.
Today, the HSUS is based in Washington, D.C., with nine regional offices, eight affiliates and an international arm. There are 569 paid staff members -- including veterinarians, biologists, lawyers and behaviorists -- as well as the volunteers that work throughout the country. The Humane Society is a 501(c)(3) charitable organization, which keeps the business running the same way other nonprofits do: through donations and fundraising. It boasts nearly 10 million members and constituents and saw total revenue of more than $100 million in 2006, with more than $91 million coming directly from public support [source: HSUS].
While the Humane Society of the United States has done a lot to help animals in need in the past, it's up to some pretty cool activities right now. In the next section, we'll take a look at some of the HSUS' current programs.