How to Fly Fish

If you're a fan of nature, there's no better way to enjoy what the great outdoors has to offer than fly fishing. Fly fishing allows you to take in the serenity of the environment and connect with the wildlife living under the surface of the water. Becoming an avid fly fisherman starts with the first flick of the wrist.

Here's what you'll need to get started:


  • Rod Most fly rods are a bit longer and more flexible than other rods.
  • Reel When fly fishing, the reel is used to store extra line, not for casting.
  • Fly line
  • Flies There are many different types of flies available. What you choose depends on what type of fish you'd like to catch [source: Minnesota].

Here are the basic steps involved in fly fishing.

  1. Choose your bait. Choosing the right bait will increase your chances of bringing home dinner. An experienced fly fisherman can teach you what flies work best for catching the fish of your choice.
  2. Tie your bait to the line. There are many different knots that you can use to tie the flies to the line. The Koch knot is an easy knot of beginners to learn, and it provides a strong line and minimal friction [source: Texas].
  3. Cast the line. There are different methods of casting the line. The back and forward cast is helpful when you want to get your line well out into the water. However, it requires plenty of empty space behind you and in front of you. It might be a good idea to practice this cast on dry land before trying it in the water. The roll cast is a good method to use when there's not much empty space behind you, and can be practiced in the water [source: Minnesota].