Distinctive hook-shaped horns distinguish chamois.
Remarkably agile, it can gallop on uneven, rocky ground and jump up to six feet (2 m) high.
Its nimbleness and acrobatics give it access to hard-to-reach areas, easing competition for the grasses, herbs, and flowers it prefers to eat.
In winter when food is scarce, it dines on pine shoots, lichens, and mosses.
Males live a solitary life; they are territorial and fight for a harem at mating time.
Females and young usually form herds of five to thirty members.
A posted sentinel warns the others of danger by stamping its feet and emitting a high-pitched whistle through its nose.