Desert Warthog

Desert Warthog
Desert Warthog
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Wartlike growths up to six inches (15 cm) long on the eyes and under the jaws are responsible for the name of this species. These protuberances are thought to protect against injuries that might otherwise occur when desert warthogs fight.

Small family groups of six to eighteen females plus their offspring are common.

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The males are usually solitary, but may form bachelor groups. Occasionally several small groups come together to form a clan.

Diurnal vegetarians, they feed on grasses and seeds, as well as roots, tubers, and bulbs.

They allow birds called oxpeckers to alight on their back and pick off parasites. Wallowing in mud also helps get rid of the parasites while simultaneously providing relief from the heat of the day.

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Animal Facts

Name: Desert Warthog (Phacochoerus aethiopicus)

Family: Suidae (Pigs and Hogs)

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Range: Sub-Saharan Africa

Habitat: Arid grassland, savanna, and open plains

Diet: Grasses and rhizomes

Head and Body Length: 3.6 to 4.6 feet (1.1 to 1.4 m)

Tail Length: 14 to 20 inches (35 to 50 cm)

Shoulder Height: 25 to 29.5 inches (64 to 75 cm)

Weight: 106 to 315 pounds (48 to 143 kg)

Life Cycle: Mating associated with rainy season; gestation 170 to 175 days, usually two to four young born

Description: Gray, wrinkled skin; enormous head; long snout; tusks; facial warts; long, dark mane; long, hairless body; long legs

Conservation Status: Common

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