Males have much larger horns than females, up to fifty-five inches (140 cm) and fifteen inches (38 cm) respectively.
Females and young form herds of ten to twenty; males form separate herds, but sighting of solitary males is common.
At mating time, males aggressively rear on hindlegs and smash horns to fight for females.
Ibex have been hunted as trophies and for meat and medicinal purposes.
They now face habitat loss to agriculture and resource competition with domestic goats.