Ovenbird, any of several birds named for the ovenlike shape of their nests. The North American ovenbird is a member of the wood warbler family. The Central and South American species form their own family.
The North American ovenbird lives in central and eastern North America and migrates as far south as northern South America. It is six inches (15 cm) long and has an olive-brown back, a striped breast, and a light-orange cap. This ovenbird walks on the ground beneath trees looking for insects and calls repeatedly, "teach-er." It builds a cup-shaped nest of leaves or grass on the ground and covers it with a dome of leaves. The female lays two to five whitish eggs.
The Central and South American ovenbird family includes more than 200 species of medium-sized brown birds. The rufous ovenbird of southern Brazil, Paraguay, and Argentina is reddish-brown and is about eight inches (20 cm) long. It builds a nest of mud and straw that resembles a baker's oven. Spanish-speaking people call it el hornero (the baker).
The North American ovenbird is Seiurus aurocapillus of the wood warbler family, Parulidae. The rufous ovenbird is Furnarius rufus of the ovenbird family, Furnariidae.