How Dog Shows Work

Other Kinds of Dog Shows

agility show with dog jumping over poles
Terrier competing in an agility show
Stephen Chernin/Getty Images

When most people think of dog shows, they think of conformation shows, like Westminster. But there are many other kinds of dog shows besides conformation competitions, though they might not get as much media attention. Two of the most common are agility trials and obedience trials.

Agility trials involve several obstacles in which the dog performs various tasks, including jumping over poles, running through tunnels and weaving through posts. Judges decide what order the dogs must go through each task and show the handlers in advance. Then, without a leash, the handler leads the dog through the course, letting it know where to go next. Meanwhile, the judges time how long it takes the dogs to complete the trial and deduct points for any faults. The judge marks a fault for every second the dog takes in excess of the standard course time or for committing a course penalty. Without faults, a dog will score a perfect 100. Dogs compete in agility trials to advance and earn various titles. Like conformations, these competitions can be specialty, group or all-breed trials [source: AKC].


In obedience trials, dogs must follow exercises by taking commands from their handlers. The AKC regulates these exercises and judges award points based on those regulations. The difficulty of these tasks depends on the level at which the dog is competing. Levels include novice, open and utility. For instance, a dog must be able to follow beside its handler while keeping the same speed, as well as stand and sit for extended periods. More advanced exercises include performing jumps, retrieving items and distinguishing its handler's scent on items. In another task, the dog must obediently follow its handler's hand signals without any verbal cues. Obedience competitions include all-breed obedience trials and specialty trials, and dogs can aspire to various championship titles, the highest being National Obedience Champion [source: AKC].

The AKC also regulates various other kinds of dog competitions, including field tests, lure coursing, hunting tests and herding tests, among others.

Perhaps now that you know more about dog shows, you can impress your friends during the next Westminster show with comments like "That dog is an excellent specimen of the clumber spaniel" and "Did you notice the graceful gait of that Finnish spitz?" To learn more about dogs, including those dog heroes charged with search-and-rescue, guiding and policing duties, investigate the links below.

Dog Show FAQ

Are dog shows cruel?
The main issue with dog shows is the insistence on exclusively purebred dogs and dogs' aesthetic qualities which have brought up issues about the ethics of breeding.
What is the prize for winning the Westminster Dog Show?
The winner of the Westminster Dog show receives The Best in Show honor, but no monetary prize is awarded.
Who won the Westminster Dog Show in 2020?
Siba the standard poodle won the Westminster Dog Show in 2020.
Who won the Westminster Dog Show in 2019?
King, a wire fox terrier, won the Westminster Dog Show in 2019.
Who won the AKC Dog Show in 2020?
A berger picard won the AKC Dog Show in 2020.
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­More Great Links


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