Francolin, a fowllike bird, closely related to the partridge and quail. More than 40 species are found in southern Asia and throughout Africa, none in the Western Hemisphere. Francolins are about 13 inches (33 cm) long. The males are mainly black, barred or spotted with white. The females are typically brownish. They lay from 6 to 10 eggs in nests on the ground. Francolins roost in trees and travel in flocks. Their shrill cries betray them to hunters, who value them as game birds and as food.

Typical francolins are the black francolin of southern Europe, Francolinus francolinus; and the double-spurred francolin of Africa, F. bicalcaratus. Francolins belong to the family Phasianidae.