Bobcat, or Bay Lynx, a member of the cat family found in forested, swampy, or semiarid regions of North America from southern Canada to central Mexico. The bobcat is named for its short, "bobbed" tail. It is related to the lynx and is similar in appearance to that animal. It is distinguished by its stocky build, large paws, and ruff of fur extending from the ears to the jowl. The bobcat is buff to brown in color with a heavily streaked or spotted coat and a white belly. It is 30 to 35 inches (75 to 90 cm) long, including the 5-inch (13-cm) tail. It weighs 15 to 35 pounds (7 to 16 kg).
Bobcats are solitary animals and hunt for food at night. Their prey includes rabbits, rodents, birds, and deer. Bobcats mark their territory with a secretion from the scent glands located under the tail. The female gives birth to two to four kittens in the spring. The bobcat is hunted for its pelt, which is made into coats and jackets.
A bobcat is not much bigger than the average house cat. But a bobcat can kill an animal many times its size. This powerful wild cat hunts animals as big as deer. Usually, though, bobcats prefer smaller prey, such as rabbits, squirrels, mice, and birds.
Bobcats live in parts of North America. Their habitats include forests, deserts, and mountains. Bobcats do most of their searching for food near dawn and dusk each day. In the middle of the day, they hide and rest in tree hollows, small caves, and thick bushes.
The bobcat is Felis rufus of the cat family, Felidae.