Lynx, a member of the cat family found in temperate and colder areas of the Northern Hemisphere. The lynx is valued for its warm, lightweight fur. Most lynxes are grayish-brown in color, often spotted or streaked with black. They have short bodies, stumpy tails, and tufted ears.
There are four species of lynx: the Canada lynx, the Spanish lynx, the bobcat, and the caracal. The Canada lynx is found in forests throughout Canada and in the northern United States. It is 30 to 40 inches (75 to 100 cm) in length, including a 4-inch (10-cm) tail. It is 20 to 24 inches (50 to 60 cm) at the shoulder and weighs 25 to 40 pounds (11 to 18 kg).
The Canada lynx is distinguished by its prominent ear tufts, black-tipped tail, and furred paws. It has keen eyesight. The Canada lynx is an agile climber and a good swimmer. It sleeps in rock crevices and caves during the day and hunts at night. Its main source of food is the snowshoe hare, but it also eats rodents and birds. One to four cubs are born about two months after mating. They nurse for about three months, and stay with the parents for up to nine months. The male helps feed the cubs.
The Spanish lynx is yellowish-red with black spots. It was once found throughout Spain but, because of the clearing of land for farming, it is now restricted to a mountainous region in southwestern Spain. The Spanish lynx is an endangered species; fewer than 1,500 individuals are believed to exist in the wild.
The Canada lynx is Felis lynx; The Spanish lynx. F. pardina. They belong to the cat family, Felidae.