Red Deer, a deer found in Europe, Asia, Africa, and North America. The North American red deer are commonly called elk. The animal's coat is reddish brown. There is a white patch on the rump. The red deer is four to five feet (1.2 to 1.5 m) at the shoulder and weighs 220 to 550 pounds (100 to 250 kg). The adult male is called a stag or hart; the adult female is called a hind.
Red deer live in herds, but the males associate with the females only during the breeding season, which occurs in August or September. During the breeding season the males, bellowing loudly, fight each other to determine which will mate with the best females. Each female bears one white-spotted fawn after a gestation period of eight months. The average lifespan of the red deer is 16 years.
In the 1850's, red deer were introduced in New Zealand as game animals. By 1900, however, they had multiplied so rapidly that they had become serious pests, damaging forests and harming crops. Since the 1960's, red deer have been raised commercially in New Zealand for their meat and antlers. The antlers are exported to South Korea, where they are ground into a powder for use in herbal teas.
The red deer is Cervus elaphus of the deer family, Cervidae. There are numerous subspecies.Red deer have a red-brown coat and a white patch on the rump.