Grosbeak, a bird with a large, conical bill. There are about 25 species. Grosbeaks range from 6 to 10 inches (15 to 25 cm) in length. They use their bills to crack open seeds and nuts, which they eat. Grosbeaks also eat insects and fruit. The male is brightly colored and the female is drab. The female lays four or five spotted eggs in a cup-shaped nest.
The black-headed grosbeak has a black head, black-and-white wings, and rust-colored patches on the breast. It breeds in the western United States and winters in Mexico. The blue grosbeak is dark blue with rust-colored wing patches. In winter it migrates from the southern United States to Central America. The rose-breasted grosbeak is black and white with a red breast. It breeds in southern Canada and the central United States and winters in South America. The pine grosbeak is rosy-red in color. It ranges from southern Canada to the northern United States. The evening grosbeak is dark yellow with black wings and tail. It ranges from northwestern Canada to the northern United States. The hawfinch, a common European grosbeak, is buff-colored with iridescent blue wing patches.
The black-headed grosbeak is Pheucticus melanocephalus; blue, Guiraca caerulea; rose-breasted, Pheucticus ludovicianus. These species belong to the family Emberizidae. The pine grosbeak is Pinicola enucleator; evening, Coccothraustes vespertinus, hawfinch, C. coccothraustes. These species belong to the family Fringillidae.