Gazelle, a small antelope noted for its grace and speed, and for its large, lustrous eyes. There are a number of species found in tropical and subtropical regions of Asia and Africa. Gazelles are fawn-colored to reddish, with white or dark markings. In most species both males and females have horns. The horns of the male are usually heavy and ridged, curving up and back, then forward and in, ending in a slight hook. The female's horns, when present, are shorter, straighter, and more slender. Gazelles were once found in great numbers, but farming and hunting have reduced the herds.

Two principal species are Grant's gazelle and Thomson's gazelle, or “Tommy,” both found in Kenya. The male Grant's gazelle has larger horns in proportion to its body size than any other antelope. The record length of horns is 30 inches (75 cm). The males are about 2 1/2 feet (75 cm) high at the shoulder and weigh up to 165 pounds (75 kg). The male Thomson's gazelle stands about 2 feet (60 cm) at the shoulder and weighs 55 to 60 pounds (25 to 27 kg). The horns average 14 1/2 inches (37 cm) in length.

The gazelleThe gazelle is a small antelope famous for its grace and speed.
What Is a Gazelle?

A gazelle is a kind of antelope. It is famous for its graceful stride—as well as for its beauty. The gazelle has large black eyes. Its horns are round and black.

The gazelle is also known for its swift movement. It can run up to 50 miles (80 kilometers) an hour. The Thomson’s gazelle is one of the fastest-running mammals in all of Africa.

The gazelle is a gentle creature. The name gazelle comes from an Arabic word that means “to be affectionate.”

Grant's gazelle is Nanger granti; Thomson's, Eudorcas thomsonii. Gazelles are of the family Bovidae.