Rocky Mountain Goat, or Mountain Goat, a goatlike animal of North America. It is not a true goat but is classified as a goat-antelope. It is native to an area extending from southeastern Alaska to Washington, Idaho, and Montana; and it has been introduced into a number of other states.

The Rocky Mountain goat is approximately 3 feet (1 m) high at the shoulder and weighs 100 to 300 pounds (45 to 135 kg). It has thick, wooly, yellowish white fur and a beard on the chin. The eyes and nose are black. Both sexes have conical horns that curve backward. The horns are 9 to 12 inches (23 to 30 cm) long. The Rocky Mountain goat feeds on grass, moss, lichens, and woody plants. After a gestation period of six months, one or two young are born.

The Rocky Mountain goat is an agile climber and leaper. Its hooves have a sharp outer rim and a soft inner pad, which provide traction on slippery surfaces.

Mountain goatsMountain goats have thick, yellow-white coats and curved horns.
Who Lives on the Edge?

Mountain goats live high in the mountains. They climb on icy cliffs that might seem dangerous to us. But to a mountain goat, its home is actually safe. Not many other animals will climb that high to hunt it down.

A mountain goat’s hoofs are good for safety. They are rubbery underneath, like the soles of climbing boots. The rubbery bottoms prevent the goat from slipping on the ice and rock. The goat’s small hoofs give the animal a secure footing on narrow ledges.

A mountain home is a good place for these animals. Many plants and grasses grow on the high ledges. Mountain goats are one of the few kinds of animals that dare climb that high to eat the plants.

The Rocky Mountain goat is Oreamnos americanus of the family Bovidae.