Jacana, a tropical wading bird related to the plover. Most species are about 10 inches (25 cm) long and have deep rusty-maroon plumage. The jacana's sharp bill and the spurs at the bends of the wings are used for fighting. Its very long toes enable the bird to walk on floating vegetation in search of insects. Three to five brownish eggs are laid in a nest built of damp vegetation. The American jacana ranges from Panama to southern Texas.
The American jacana is Jacana spinosa of the family Jacanidae.The jacana has very long toes enabling it to walk on floating vegetation in search of insects.